|dc.contributor.advisor||Hand, Professor Duncan||
|dc.contributor.advisor||Shephard, Doctor Jonathan||
|dc.description.abstract||This thesis covers investigations into high peak power short (nanosecond) and ultrashort
(picosecond and femtosecond) pulse delivery through novel hollow-core
microstructured silica fibres - the Negative Curvature Fibre (NCF) and the Free
Boundary Anti-Resonant Fibre (FBARF) for manufacturing applications. Both types of
fibres provide light guidance in the NIR and green spectral regions via the Anti-
Resonant Reflecting Optical Waveguiding (ARROW) mechanism.
NCFs exhibit extremely low attenuations of 0.04 dB/m and 0.15 dB/m at 1030
nm and 532 nm respectively, not achievable with photonic bandap hollow-core fibres.
These fibres have been demonstrated to deliver NIR and green picosecond pulses with
peak powers at the level of 15 MW and 5 MW respectively, which significantly exceeds
the capabilities of commercially available singlemode fibres. Optimised NCFs for
transmission in both spectral regimes provide singlemode, high quality output and
maintain the spectral and temporal properties of the original laser pulse. Furthermore,
these fibres exhibit a low sensitivity to bending with useful bend diameters ≥ 5 cm,
which is sufficient for most beam delivery applications. This was further improved by
developing and introducing a dynamic fibre delivered power stabilisation system which
enables efficient compensations of bend-induced power fluctuations.
Practical implementation of NCF delivered pulses in manufacturing applications
has been demonstrated in the precision micro-machining of metals, crack-free micromilling
of fused silica and waveguide writing in borosilicate glass.
The FBARF structure is a modification of the NCF design aimed for an
improvement in energy handling capacity, light confinement and further reduction of
bending loss. However, the fibres reported in this thesis (fabricated for guidance at 1
μm and green wavelengths) are preliminary designs, and so their full potential e.g. their
energy handling capacities could not be fully established. Nevertheless, initial tests
performed within this work indicated that further development of this fibre design
should result in a reduction of the intrinsic attenuation and bend loss to a level
comparable with the NCFs while increasing the optical damage threshold.||en_US
|dc.publisher||Engineering and Physical Sciences||en_US
|dc.rights||All items in ROS are protected by the Creative Commons copyright license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/scotland/), with some rights reserved.||
|dc.title||Negative curvature fibre optics for delivery of high-peak power light for manufacturing applications||en_US