|dc.description.abstract||This thesis presents our recent researches on the development of coding devices, the
investigation of security and the design of systems in the optical cod-division multiple
access (OCDMA) systems. Besides, the techniques of nonlinear signal processing used
in the OCDMA systems fire our imagination, thus some researches on all-optical signal
processing are carried out and also summarized in this thesis.
Two fiber Bragg grating (FBG) based coding devices are proposed. The first coding
device is a superstructured FBG (SSFBG) using ±π/2-phase shifts instead of
conventional 0/π-phase shifts. The ±π/2-phase-shifted SSFBG en/decoders can not only
conceal optical codes well in the encoded signals but also realize the reutilization of
available codes by hybrid use with conventional 0/π-phase-shifted SSFBG en/decoders.
The second FBG based coding device is synthesized by layer-peeling method, which
can be used for simultaneous optical code recognition and chromatic dispersion
Then, two eavesdropping schemes, one-bit delay interference detection and
differential detection, are demonstrated to reveal the security vulnerability of differential
phase-shift keying (DPSK) and code-shift keying (CSK) OCDMA systems.
To address the security issue as well as increase the transmission capacity, an
orthogonal modulation format based on DPSK and CSK is introduced into the OCDMA
systems. A 2 bit/symbol 10 Gsymbol/s transmission system using the orthogonal
modulation format is achieved. The security of the system can be partially guaranteed.
Furthermore, a fully-asynchronous gigabit-symmetric OCDMA passive optical
network (PON) is proposed, in which a self-clocked time gate is employed for signal
regeneration. A remodulation scheme is used in the PON, which let downstream and
upstream share the same optical carrier, allowing optical network units source-free. An
error-free 4-user 10 Gbit/s/user duplex transmission over 50 km distance is reazlied.
A versatile waveform generation scheme is then studied. A theoretical model is
established and a waveform prediction algorithm is summarized. In the demonstration,
various waveforms are generated including short pulse, trapezoidal, triangular and
sawtooth waveforms and doublet pulse.
In addition, an all-optical simultaneous half-addition and half-subtraction scheme is
achieved at an operating rate of 10 GHz by using only two semiconductor optical
amplifiers (SOA) without any assist light.
Lastly, two modulation format conversion schemes are demonstrated. The first
conversion is from NRZ-OOK to PSK-Manchester coding format using a SOA based
Mach-Zehnder interferometer. The second conversion is from RZ-DQPSK to RZ-OOK
by employing a supercontinuum based optical thresholder.||en_US