The ultrafast laser inscription of photonic devices for integrated optical applications
Beecher, Stephen J.
MetadataShow full item record
A study of some key areas in which ultrafast laser inscription may usefully be employed is presented. The thesis includes waveguide inscription in a variety of substrates including passive glass, doped glass and a nonlinear crystal. The work contained can be split into three studies, with some overlap between them. Firstly fused silica glass is used, both in planar substrates and as flat fibre, for the inscription of two sensing elements. The planar substrate is used for a device similar in design to a side-polished fibre and the flat fibre is used for the fabrication of a Bragg grating waveguide array. In the second study, waveguides are inscribed in the nonlinear crystal monoclinic bismuth borate, and used for guided mode second harmonic generation. A novel waveguide design is employed to increase overlap between the pump and second harmonic waveguide modes. The remainder of the thesis investigates the applicability of ultrafast laser inscription to the fabrication of compact modelocked lasers. Lasing is demonstrated, both continuous wave and modelocked, using a laser inscribed erbium doped bismuthate glass waveguide as the gain element. A study is then undertaken into methods of integrating carbon nanotubes, used as saturable absorbers to modelock lasers, into laser inscribed waveguides.