Investigating hybrids of evolution and learning for real-parameter optimization
Leng, She Ri Gu
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In recent years, more and more advanced techniques have been developed in the field of hybridizing of evolution and learning, this means that more applications with these techniques can benefit from this progress. One example of these advanced techniques is the Learnable Evolution Model (LEM), which adopts learning as a guide for the general evolutionary search. Despite this trend and the progress in LEM, there are still many ideas and attempts which deserve further investigations and tests. For this purpose, this thesis has developed a number of new algorithms attempting to combine more learning algorithms with evolution in different ways. With these developments, we expect to understand the effects and relations between evolution and learning, and also achieve better performances in solving complex problems. The machine learning algorithms combined into the standard Genetic Algorithm (GA) are the supervised learning method k-nearest-neighbors (KNN), the Entropy-Based Discretization (ED) method, and the decision tree learning algorithm ID3. We test these algorithms on various real-parameter function optimization problems, especially the functions in the special session on CEC 2005 real-parameter function optimization. Additionally, a medical cancer chemotherapy treatment problem is solved in this thesis by some of our hybrid algorithms. The performances of these algorithms are compared with standard genetic algorithms and other well-known contemporary evolution and learning hybrid algorithms. Some of them are the CovarianceMatrix Adaptation Evolution Strategies (CMAES), and variants of the Estimation of Distribution Algorithms (EDA). Some important results have been derived from our experiments on these developed algorithms. Among them, we found that even some very simple learning methods hybridized properly with evolution procedure can provide significant performance improvement; and when more complex learning algorithms are incorporated with evolution, the resulting algorithms are very promising and compete very well against the state of the art hybrid algorithms both in well-defined real-parameter function optimization problems and a practical evaluation-expensive problem.