Design and control of a synchronous reluctance machine drive
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This thesis investigates the design, performance and control of a synchronous reluctance machine (Synchrel) drive. The Synchrel machine is proposed for variable speed drives because of its advantages over other machines. The rotor has no cage winding, brushes or slip rings. The torque ripple levels are lower in the Synchrel machine than the switched reluctance machine as it operates from a standard sine wave supply. An axially laminated rotor was designed based on finite element analysis, with the aim of producing the same output power as obtained from an induction motor (M) with a similar stator. Using vector control, the developed torque is controlled by regulating the stator current vector. Two vector control schemes are used, maximum torque per ampere and constant current in the direct axis. The output torque characteristics of the machine have been confirmed by finite element analysis. Slotine's approach of sliding mode control is used for position control of the vector controlled synchronous reluctance machine. A comparison is undertaken between the performance of a fixed gain controller with two sliding mode controllers, for both the regulator and servo cases. Invariant performance is obtained using Slotine's sliding mode control approach, unlike with a fixed gain controller. Robustness to parameter variation is an important feature of this technique. This robustness can be achieved through the control law design, assuming parameter variation bounds are known. These improvements are demonstrated for variations in load inertia. Inductance ripple affects machine performance, for example decreasing output torque and increasing core losses. A state space model for the machine that incorporates this inductance effect, yields drive simulation results that agree with experimental results.