Quantum correlations measured with multi-pixel detectors
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis investigates the measurement of spatial correlations of photon pairs generated through spontaneous parametric down-conversion with single-photon sensitive multi-pixel detectors. A custom designed and fabricated 8£1 fibre array detector for time to position multiplexing was characterised. This detector was then commissioned in an experiment measuring the spatial correlations of photon pairs in position, momentum and intermediate bases. The fibre array measured eight positions simultaneously with one Single-Photon Avalanche Diode, which led to an eight-fold increase in the data acquisition rate compared to traditional experiments, where a single SPAD was scanned across the detection plane. To capture all of the emitted light, an electron-multiplying CCD (EMCCD) camera was used. The spatial correlations were measured for the first time in momentumand position bases with a single-photon sensitive camera. Additionally, over 2500 spatial states were accessed,which, to date, is the highest number of accessed states, using the transverse positions of correlated photon pairs. The detected photon pairs were tested, if they fulfil the requirements of entanglement. The calculated variance product was 1 order of magnitude and almost three orders of magnitude below the classical limit of separability for the fibre array and the EMCCD camera respectively. Finally the image enhancement of using a correlated light source with a noise rejection algorithm was investigated experimentally and theoretically.