Sound transmission through lightweight parallel plates
This thesis examines the transmission of sound through lightweight parallel plates, (plasterboard double wall partitions and timber floors). Statistical energy analysis was used to assess the importance of individual transmission paths and to determine the overall performance. Several different theoretical models were developed, the choice depending on the frequency range of interest and method of attachment of the plates, whether point or line, to the structural frame. It was found that for a line connected double wall there was very good agreement between the measured and predicted results, where the dominant transmission path was through the frame and the cavity path was weak. The transition frequency where the coupling changes from a line to a point connection is when the first half wavelength is able to fit between the spacings of the nails. For point connected double walls, where the transmission through the frame was weaker than for line connection, the cavity path was dominant unless there was absorption present. When the cavity was sufficiently deep, such that it behaved more like a room, the agreement between the measured and predicted results was good. As the cavity depth decreases the plates of the double wall are closer together and the agreement between the measured and predicted results were not as good. Detailed experiments were carried out to determine the transmission into the double wall cavities and isolated cavities. It was found that the transmission into an isolated cavity could be predicted well. However, for transmission into double wall cavities the existing theories could not predict transmission accurately when the cavity depth was small. Extensive parametric surveys were undertaken to analyse changes to the sound transmission through these structures when the material or design parameters are altered. The SEA models are able to identify the dominant mechanisms of transmission and will be a useful design tool in the design of lightweight partitions and timber floors.